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Laws – Labour Relations

  • Content last reviewed: February 2012

Here are the major labour relations-related laws administered by the Ministry of Labour:

Ambulance Services Collective Bargaining Act, 2001 (ASCBA)

ASCBA covers ambulance  service workers. When a collective agreement covering ambulance workers is being negotiated, the statute requires that the parties have an essential ambulance services agreement before ambulance workers in the bargaining unit can engage in a strike or be locked out. Where the OLRB determines that the proportion of employees designated as essential results in no meaningful ability to strike or to lock-out, the OLRB may order binding interest arbitration.

Crown Employees Collective Bargaining Act, 1993 (CECBA)

CECBA provides for collective bargaining for the Ontario Public Service and designated Crown agency employees. CECBA requires an essential services agreement to be in place before any employee in a bargaining unit can strike or be locked out.

Hospital Labour Disputes Arbitration Act (HLDAA)

HLDAA prohibits strikes and lock-outs where collective bargaining involves employees of the "hospital sector" (e.g., hospitals and long-term care homes); if these parties are unable to reach a negotiated settlement, their bargaining impasse is resolved by binding arbitration.

Labour Relations Act, 1995 (LRA)

The LRA regulates various aspects of labour relations for most Ontario workplaces. Matters dealt with include the certification and decertification of unions, the collective bargaining process, mandatory grievance arbitration, strikes and lock-outs, unfair labour practices, the Ontario Labour Relations Board (OLRB) and special rules with respect to the construction industry.

Public Sector Labour Relations Transition Act, 1997 (PSLRTA)

PSLRTA provides a framework for the resolution of labour relations issues arising from restructurings and amalgamations of municipalities, school boards, hospitals, certain types of integration in the health sector and other prescribed events. The Act encourages negotation between employers and unions on reconfiguration of bargaining units, and addresses union representation following an amalgamation and the application of existing collective agreements.

Toronto Transit Commission Labour Disputes Resolution Act, 2011 (TTCLDRA)

The TTCLDRA applies to the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC), bargaining agents who represent TTC employees under the LRA, and TTC employees represented by those bargaining agents. The parties follow the collective bargaining process under the LRA; however, strikes or lock-outs are not permitted. Should the parties fail to reach a negotiated agreement, matters would be referred to compulsory interest arbitration.